The most important step in caring for your skin comes in understanding your specific skin type and how it adapts to certain circumstances or season. Your skin is your body’s largest organ, as complex and intelligent as your heart, lungs, liver and other vital organs are. Using cleansers and treatments that are too harsh, will leave your skin simply worse than it is.
For instance, there is a huge possibility that the excess oil production you experience is caused by using the wrong skincare products that can strip your skin’s natural oils. In a situation like this, your skin overcompensates by producing too much oil to make up for the lack of oil in your skin, causing breakouts.
With an overwhelming amount of information available, figuring out what your skin type is, and how to care for your skin can be complicated. There are five general categories that help us define our skin type and get to know it better. Those are; Combination, Normal, Oily, Dry, and Sensitive.
The guide below will help you get a better idea of your skin’s overall behavior. This, in turn, will give you a blueprint for choosing the best products and methods to care for it.
Here we go!
1. Notice how your skin feels
It’s important to notice how your skin feels on any given day of the week. The texture of your skin can reveal a lot about its essential nature.
Combination skin: Combination skin usually feels oily in the T-zone (the area that includes your forehead, nose, and chin) but dry everywhere else. It can also be oily and dry in different locations, but if you notice two or more different textures on your face, it is a sign that you have combination skin.
Sensitive skin: Sensitive skin usually feels itchy, patchy, dry and can sometimes sting.
Normal skin: Normal skin feels even and balanced. It’s neither too dry nor too oily or sensitive.
Oily skin: Oily skin will feel greasy and shiny all over. If you feel like you are constantly reaching for the oil blotting sheets or thin tissue sheets, this means you probably have oily skin.
Dry skin: Dry skin will feel tight and dry. It is normal for it to be flaky and crack, especially in the winter months.
2. Take a look at your pores
Your pores are also big indicators of your skin type. Their size and tendency to get clogged can tell you a lot about your skin and its oil production.
Combination skin: If pores are large and often clogged around the nose but are small and unnoticeable on the cheeks and other areas of the face, this is a sign of combination skin.
Sensitive skin: People with sensitive skin often have normal to large pores, but this can differ based on a possible reaction to a product or other irritant.
Normal skin: People with normal skin usually have pores that are unnoticeable.
Oily skin: People with oily skin often struggle with large pores that get easily clogged with sweat and oils the body secretes.
Dry skin: People with dry skin typically have small pores that often feel tight.
3. Notice how your skin feels after cleansing
Use a mild and gentle cleanser, rinse with lukewarm water and leave your face to air-dry.
Combination skin: After cleansing your face of all dirt, oil and makeup to reveal your bare, beautiful and natural face, combination skin will often feel clean, refreshed and oil-free around the nose area but tight and dry around the cheeks.
Sensitive skin: Sensitive skin will often feel clean and a bit dry after washing but the cleanser may trigger itching and irritation to occur. When this happens frequently and with a range of products, it is a sign of sensitive skin.
Normal skin: People with normal skin will feel their skin clean and clear after cleansing. They might still be in need of a little moisturizer, but overall the skin doesn’t feel too parched or sensitive.
Oily skin: After cleansing, oily skin will feel clean and oil-free, almost the only time it feels that way. Shortly after cleansing, oil will return.
Dry skin: For dry skin, cleansing can dry out the skin and make it feel taut and dehydrated.
4. Think about how often your skin needs moisturizer
Almost everyone needs a moisturizer to keep their skin healthy and hydrated, but how often you need it can indicate how good your skin is at staying hydrated on its own and what type of skin you are dealing with.
Combination skin: People with combination skin will frequently need to apply moisturizer to some areas of their face that are drying out (often the cheeks) but will rarely need it on other, oilier areas (like the T-zone).
Sensitive skin: Sensitive skin usually requires moisturizer somewhat frequently but it’s hard to find one that doesn’t irritate the skin and cause a reaction.
Normal skin: People with normal skin won’t need to apply moisturizer very often throughout the day as the skin stays fairly moisturized on its own.
Oily skin: For people with oily skin, moisturizer tends to make their skin even oilier so they don’t need it very often throughout the day.
Dry skin: Dry skin demands a lot of moisturizer throughout the day, and it is especially needed upon waking or after cleansing the face.
So, which skin type sounded most like yours? Which category was most aligned with your experience?
Share with us in the comment section below!